Category Archives: Indigenous
Across Australia Indigenous communities are being coerced and bribed into taking experimental covid injections.
The corporate Australian governance has sent police and military into these communities to administer these injections.
This is a warning message from four Indigenous Australian leaders to all Original peoples around the world.
Music: Creation Song feat. Jarmbi by FIRE MANE
This was first published by cairnsnews 25th September 2015. We were inundated with inquiries about the real ancestry of Australian Aborigines so we have republished it here today
Source: The Catalyst, Volume 1, Issue 2. September 1999, pp. 10-12.
Copyright: CairnsNews.org© First published in Cairns News in 2015
by Robert J Lee, investigative journalist
Aboriginal land claims, native title and land rights are based on a false anthropological premise and are totally fraudulent according to astounding new Australian archaeological discoveries and recent linguistic studies.
The delusion of 40,000 years of dreamtime mantra is the product of untruthful anthropologists.
According to Alfred Cort Haddon, a turn of the century figure revered today as the ‘founding father’ of British anthropology, the aborigines were clearly “pre-Dravidian” people from South India.
In Haddon’s 1909 book, The Races of Man, he asserts that Australia was originally inhabited by Papuans, or Negritoes, who wandered on the extreme south of the continent.
Later, a pre-Dravidian race migrated to Australia and overran the continent, absorbing the sparse aboriginal population.
Thus, said Haddon, the original aborigines were either “driven off, exterminated or even partially assimilated.”
Modern anthropologists have a real problem, should they try to dismiss Haddon’s findings. If they dismiss this work of the oligarchy’s icon of the time, they are also discrediting the man who led the famous 1898 Cambridge Anthropological expedition to the Torres Strait, upon whose findings the High Court heavily relied in the Eddie Mabo case.
Mabo was from Murray Island upon which Haddon and his researchers had concentrated their study.
In the remarkable work, Cape York – The Savage Frontier, Queensland author Rodney Liddell asserts, from studying the Jardine diaries, the original Negritoes were hunted down and wiped out by invading aborigines from India.
The tip of Cape York was one of the major landings used by the invaders who arrived in either canoes or on rafts.
Archaeologists in 1973 decided to look for campsites and other evidence on the Cape, finding fire places and middens. Although unreliable, carbon dating of shells and other organic matter was used.
To the horror of the investigating academics, the best they could come up with was between 600 and 1,100 years of occupation by the aborigines.
These aborigines from India were an extremely violent, savage and cannibalistic race who mercilessly hunted down the smaller Negritoes.
It would be impossible to accurately calculate the number of Negritoes massacred by the aborigines, but based on the evidence it would be fair to say at least 150,000 were wiped out over a long period.
In modern terms this would be classed as genocide.
Katters Australian Party leader and Federal Member for Kennedy Bob Katter has fired a warning shot at the outgoing Member for Leichhardt for again failing First Australians.
During a press conference in Cairns yesterday he promised to deliver housing funds power back to the remote local government bodies.
Mr Katter has been integral in the fight against the Federal Government alongside delegations of Indigenous Mayors in Canberra and around the electorate after the Government removed its Indigenous housing funding, handballing the issue to the State Queensland Government in the 2018 Federal budget and again this year.
Mr Katter said that during meetings held in Parliament, he was certain the money would have been allocated given a Federal election was imminent in a marginal seat – Leichhardt.
“Myself and half a dozen Indigenous Mayors had meeting-after-meeting with Minister Scullion and others, and I was certain he would give the money. To send the outgoing Member for Leichhardt into the election without the housing money was a foolish move. I think he’ll be crucified; he deserves to be crucified. The useless bastard.
“If I was in the Party in a marginal seat, I would have read the riot act to the Prime Minister. I would have said ‘get me the money or I’m walking. I won’t run in the seat if you don’t give it to me’. But of course, the outgoing Member for Leichhardt did nothing; that big, fat, blood-sucking, useless, toad.”
Mr Katter said house construction was one of the last decent jobs available to First Australians and that without the funding, they have since lost their Blue Cards and has ultimately widened the gap rather than closed it.
“The situation is appalling. The only bit of income they had was from the housing jobs.
“I was absolutely staggered. Yarrabah, the biggest community in Australia, has been left out. I was getting way back in the 1980s in the Queensland Government $25m a year then – about $60m now – for housing.
“So what do they have left?
“You’ve taken their timber rights off them.
“You’ve taken their quarry rights off them.
“You’ve taken their right to cattle off them.
“You’ve taken their right to water off them.
“You’ve taken their hunting rights of them.
“What have you left them, except Government jobs which they won’t get because they’ve all lost their Blue Cards. So what are they doing now?
“The only jobs left were in housing and this absence in funding destroyed them. Thank you Mr Government”, Mr Katter said.
“KAP Senate candidate Greg Wallace who is a First Australian said 70 per cent of houses would have maybe around 15 people in a house which was designed for four, with little tiny windows and costing $650,000.
“When Greg and Noel Pearson’s brother, Gerhardt Pearson, were in charge, they were building housing for one-tenth of that price because they were using work-for-the-dole; totally Indigenous local labour – they even made the concrete blocks.
“Under the Labor Party the block-making was abolished and never restored by the LNP. Then the LNP took away the housing money.
“Well they found the money for the Northern Territory for Nigel Scullion, he found it for himself. But the Outgoing Member for Leichhardt who is in the Government – who should have threatened to not run the seat again if they didn’t deliver this money – got nothing. Did nothing.”
Mr Katter said he had already received agreement from the Prime Minister to restore the market gardens for First Australian communities in the Far North and was confident that should there be a change in government, his positive working relationships with the proposed relevant Ministers would result in getting Indigenous housing back on the table along with the ‘work for the dole’ program.
“Don’t forget, it was Kevin Rudd after all that originally implemented the $1 billion Indigenous housing fund. Their track record is far superior in this space than the other lot of useless bastards,” Mr Katter said.
by Jim O’Toole
Tribal elders from the troubled aboriginal settlement of Aurukun on the western coastline of Cape York Peninsula recently threatened a landholder to vacate his large Pastoral Holding within a week or they would take it over.
“Get off our land,” demanded the elders.
The landowner was able to persuade a Landcruiser load of blackfellas at the front gate of his homestead to leave after he explained their attempt to seize his property was futile.
The landowner said half a dozen cattle dogs patrolling the homestead surrounds thwarted any possible physical takeover action.
He asked for receipts showing where the elders had purchased the property which he said was not on the market in any case. None could be shown.
Aurukun council has employed a livestock contractor presently mustering their vast coastal reserves selling off cattle which the council claims to be theirs.
During the insidious and unnecessary BTEC (brucellosis and tuberculosis eradication campaign) program in the 70’s and 80’s all cattle were removed from Cape York including Aurukun by mustering or aerial shooting. Aurukun has not owned any cattle since then.
In shades of South Africa, where the government recently passed laws enabling its 50 million black inhabitants to remove farmers from their generational-held land, the militant Aurukun mob seem to be running an illegal copycat operation.
Years of conditioning beginning with the socialist former Prime Minister Bob Hawke in the 80’s drumming into blackfellas’ heads, ‘you own the land’ has bred a generation of wanton bludgers across the nation most of whom survive on ‘sit down money’ aka the dole.
The Aboriginal industry now costs the taxpayer more than $30 billion a year. Newspaper photographs in stories about billion dollar handovers of former pastoral land to pseudo- blackfellas have infuriated taxpayers because in many cases the lucky recipients appear to be white.
To most inhabitants living north of Rockhampton ‘poor blackfella me’ does not wash.
This recent attempted land seizure near Aurukun was not the first time blackfellas have threatened leaseholders with violence to remove them from their properties.
Twelve years ago the Nixon pastoral family which held Shelbourne Bay holding on Cape York for 45 years, the home of the world’s largest deposit of pure silica sand estimated to be worth some $5 billion, repeatedly had shots fired over their home during an offensive by local militant blacks before the State Labor Government Premier Peter Beattie had the family evicted.
This holding last year was handed over by the State Government to the Wuthati clan, which legal sources claim is the wrong group.
The late Eileen Nixon, in her position of Native Title researcher for Agforce, had clearly proven 25 years ago there were no living descendants or relatives of the original tribes which inhabited Shelbourne Bay.
The ongoing ‘number one claim’ set to take over any land on Cape York which has not yet been claimed has divided tribal groups resulting in claims and counter claims being thrashed out in the courts, lining the pockets of dozens of lawyers with large amounts taxpayer’s money.
In sham proceedings allegedly on behalf of numerous individuals, some dead, others which don’t exist, closer examination will reveal the claimant, the Cape York Land Council wants all of the pie.
The beneficiaries of this divisive claim ultimately are the Pearson brothers and CYLC chairman Richie AhMat.
Such is Aboriginal politics which has occupied the courts for decades to carve up the white man cake for the benefit of a few.
The socialist United Nations has a lot to answer for Australia’s immense problems. Is it any wonder US President Trump has defunded the UN and most likely will pull out altogether from this blackfella controlled paradise of milk and honey.
Alice Springs town councillor Jacinta Price says she has been sent death threats ‘simply for having a difference of opinion on the date of Australia Day contrary to the ratbag Greens.
Green preferences are driving the Labor Government’s proposed draconian environmental policies as a trade-off for the Adani coal mine approval.
A source close to the ALP is warning Wild Rivers “on steroids” rebadged as ‘Pristine Rivers’ will be put back on the table along with revamped, tough vegetation management laws should the ALP win the upcoming election.
The source said revisiting Wild Rivers and vegetation management laws are on the agenda for the upcoming State ALP conference to be held in Townsville at the Convention Centre on July 28 and 29.
A World Heritage listing over the Laura sandstone escarpment country, mooted by the State Government, also looms large for the people of the Peninsula.
Deputy Premier Jackie Trad is moving to pacify the Greens’ hostility over approvals to allow Australia’s largest coal mine in Central Queensland to go ahead.
Trad and her colleague, Environment and Heritage Protection Minister Stephen Miles, have not yet taken into consideration the strident opposition of Cape York Peninsula communities, the Cape York Land Council and pastoralists alike, some of whom claim they will campaign against the party at the State election expected on November 4 this year.
Pastoralists and some communities believe a World Heritage nomination by the State Government will be the precursor for listing the entire Peninsula, in effect the beginning of the end for the economic prosperity of Aboriginal communities sitting on vast tracts of grazing property.
In a recent radio interview, Chairman of the CYLC, Richie AhMat castigated the proposed new versions of Wild Rivers and vegetation laws as well as the existing environmental overlays on most Aboriginal freehold and Deed of Grant in Trust land(DOGIT) covering nearly one half of the land area of the Peninsula.
Referring to the Wild Rivers legislation, Mr AhMat asked how the government expected Aboriginal people to start up businesses and to be economically viable “when these land restrictions appear out of nowhere?”
“You can’t talk about economic development on one hand and you can’t talk about indigenous employment on the other, and you can’t talk about Northern Australia on both hands.”
In reply to a question about the as yet undisclosed ‘Pristine Rivers’ policy Mr AhMat alluded to funding that had been allocated in the past two state budgets purportedly for consultation with traditional owners.
He said he was worried about all the rivers in Cape York which could be affected by a lock up policy.
“All of our rivers in Cape York are fresh water rivers, water is a huge commodity now and nobody in their wildest dreams 10 years or fifteen years ago expected them to buy a bottle of fresh water,” Mr Ah Mat said.
“To buy a bottle of fresh water is more than a litre of fuel.
“Why does the government want to lock up Cape York, because they have a 20 to 30 year plan but they aren’t talking to anybody, it’s all secretive because we are out of sight and out of mind.
“We fought long and hard against the wild rivers, long and hard and we were untied as one on Cape York.
“This Pristine Rivers believe me there are rumblings about it in 1 William Street (Executive Building) now.
“This legislation over land is going to block everything.”
Gordon Rasmussen, Katters Australian Party candidate for the Cook electorate, which takes in all of Cape York, agreed with Mr Ah Mat.
“It looks like Northern Development is just a talk fest because what Mr Ah Mat says about locking up all the rivers and land on Cape York makes a mockery of the $5 billion federal fund for northern land development,” Mr Rasmussen pointed out.
“How does the federal government expect to achieve anything in an area like the Peninsula to help economic development for struggling communities when the State Government has divided up most of the Aboriginal land into nature reserves, national parks and heritage areas?
“If the Labor Party gets back into government we are all in for a very rough trot.”
Up to 15 black teenagers hit a man with a bicycle, then punched and kicked him unconscious in the early hours of Sunday morning in the Cairns suburb of Woree.
The man, 36, had left a local hotel and was walking towards his car when he was directly approached by the gang of youths.
Senior Constable Russell Parker of Cairns Police said the man had been unconscious for about 10 minutes and when he came to, discovered his phone, wallet and car keys had been stolen.
Constable Parker said his car was taken for a joy ride by the indigenous youths but later recovered.
Police have called for public assistance to find the culprits. As previously reported in Cairns News gangs of roaming, largely indigenous criminals have placed a stain on Cairns as a safe tourist destination.
Police have long complained that after putting in hundreds of man hours looking for youthful criminals in the past, their able efforts are normally diffused by the Magistrates Court.
Successive State Governments have watered down punishment for young criminals and the Labor Government shut down boot camps.
Indigenous health advocate, Geoff Guest OAM, told Cairns News he has had outstanding success with youth and adult drug and alcohol rehabilitation over 30 years.
The renowned Petford Farm, west of Dimbulah, has successfully seen more than 3000 patients pass through its gates.
Many former residents of Petford Farm, now the Guest Centre, return after 20 or more years to pay homage to Mr Guest for turning their lives around.
The Guest program, based on horse training and riding, has been acknowledged by health professionals as the best substance abuse rehabilitation course in Australia.
Mr Guest said he has not admitted troubled youth to the program for a number of years, instead concentrating on healthy nutrition for Aboriginal communities, a strategy he believes should prevent the need for extensive rehab programs.
Member for Kennedy, Bob Katter, has called on the State Government to introduce healthy eating programs across the north, particularly at Kowanyama where three children attempt suicide each week.
Mr Guest, aged 90, is a seemingly ageless philanthropist, who has dedicated much of his life to helping others.
The KAP has condemned reports this afternoon that the State Government will review new crocodile management plans following an attack on a snorkeller on Lizard Island yesterday.
The man was treated for minor cuts and abrasions to his head after the reptile, estimated to be up to two metres long, attacked him near Watson Creek Inlet.
ABC reported Premier Annastacia Palaszczuk said the incident was concerning and that maybe stricter measures were needed, although she’s ruled out culling.
KAP State Member for Dalrymple Shane Knuth said a review was the last thing Queenslanders needed.
“The time for talk is well and truly over; we need real action in the form of a controlled cull now to put a stop to the attacks, which seem to be multiplying by the day,” he said.
“We do not need a review – we know what the problem is and we demand action.”
State Member for Mt Isa Robbie Katter said the latest attack was the final straw.
“Human safety is paramount and the Government has now run out of chances to evade action; we need to activate a controlled cull as soon as possible,” he said.
The latest development comes just hours after reports of a beheaded crocodile near Innisfail, revealing locals may be taking steps to control crocodiles themselves because the Government is failing to act.
“People are saying this was bound to happen and it will continue if the Government doesn’t do something,” Mr Knuth said.
Following a well-supported consultation tour around north Queensland, the KAP will table legislation next month to allow for a controlled cull in populated areas across Queensland.
Under the legislation, Mr Knuth said crocodiles could be culled or relocated to a crocodile farm, and safari hunting and egg collection initiatives could be set up to create jobs for Indigenous rangers.
Media organisations and newspapers are cowering under threat of prosecution by the Anti-discrimination Commission should they identify the ethnic origin of criminals when reporting their misdeeds. So much for the abortive attempt to rehabilitate Section 18c.
It matters not to the racist zealots of the loathed Anti-discrimination Commission that young Aborigines are by far the main perpetrators of rampant, serious assaults and other crime in the Cairns area.
Some white criminals exist but tourists bearing the brunt of robbery, assault and battery are taking home stories that a visit to Cairns is just not worth it.
If you go out at night, or now it seems even in broad daylight you are likely to be assaulted.
Worse still the average age and gender of assailants has shocked hardened policemen on the beat.
In the past week a 37 year old Japanese tourist was approached by three youths and asked for cigarettes but when he refused he was bashed with a tree branch. The juveniles then tried to steal his back pack without success. Paramedics arrived to find the man suffering “serious bleeding.”
Three of the four 13 year old muggers, some or all of indigenous appearance, have been caught and since charged but will be dealt with under the juvenile justice act. Police are still looking for the fourth offender.
Unravelling this media-speak means they will be given a stern lecture perhaps by a Magistrate and released into the custody of their parents or carers, who should have made them stay home and taught them how to respect others in the first place, instead of wandering the streets in the early hours of the morning.
Meanwhile a tourist remains seriously injured and is no doubt harbouring vicious intent against the hundreds of wandering, Aboriginal and white kids in street gangs who push pedestrians off the footpath because the Aborigines proclaim ‘white bastards’ are trespassing on their land.
In a separate and unrelated incident, a 19 year old female was taken to hospital after she was allegedly attacked by three youths during an attempted robbery in the Cairns CBD.
The trio demanded her phone but was punched and kicked unconscious when she refused to hand it over.
A Manoora boy and Bentley Park girl, both aged 12, and a 16 year old girl from Mooroobool, have been charged by police.
Police are frustrated by the Magistrates Court being unable to address the youthful crime wave across the region. The ALP can take responsibility for diluting existing laws and for failing to introduce harsher penalties to curb escalating youth crime.
At least 80 motor vehicles a month are being stolen throughout the Cairns and Tablelands district and police are discovering to their horror that some thieves who led them on car chases have been as young as 12.
In years gone by, courts would give young troublemakers two options in sentencing. One was to attend a state detention facility that provided much better facilities and tucker than that at home, or to undertake a period of attendance at the renowned Petford Farm rehabilitation centre, run by indigenous couple, Geoff and Norma Guest since the late 1970’s.
Located on a remote cattle and horse property 30 klms west of Dimbulah, the facility can claim outstanding success with more than 3000 attendees over a 30 year period.
Health authorities have boasted a 70 per cent non-recidivism success rate with Aboriginal and white youth after completing the Guest courses. Many adults also passed through the drug and alcohol rehabilitation program developed by Geoff Guest OAM. His wife Norma passed away last year after a long illness.
The Petford Wellness group in more recent times, rather than taking troubled boarders, has been developing a rehabilitation curriculum for implementation into Aboriginal communities, with the notion of prevention rather than cure.
Mr Guest wants to train trainers so they can instruct intending mothers, mothers and children about proper nutrition, removal of sugar from diets and food preparation methods. He believes in the adage, ‘we are what we eat.’
Now aged 90, the intrepid Geoff Guest still breaks in horses, which have played an integral part of his outstanding rehabilitation process.
The Queensland Labor Party recently ruled against the state’s youth boot camp apparatus, in effect the Guest legacy, claiming it was too hard on participants and ineffectual.
The crime wave apologists of the socialist Labor and Greens will continue to flay Far Northern tourism with their unauthorised United Nations Human Rights obligations, causing visitors to condemn destinations such as Cairns, being dangerous and a hazard to their itineraries. – contributed
A group of Coen residents has called for an independent audit into the distribution of $260 million of federal and state funding allocated for a major upgrade of the Peninsula Development Road.
One Nation senator Malcolm Roberts was invited to the Coen meeting on Wednesday night to hear the concerns of locals who believe there had been a wide-spread waste of government funds by Roadtek.
Long-time local grazier Paddy Shephard explained to the meeting how an Indigenous Land Use Agreement(ILUA) was about to signed off by the State Government giving part control of the PDR to a “Coen Aboriginal family group” which had no connection to the highway.
Another resolution was passed at the meeting asking Senator Roberts to instigate a senate inquiry into the granting of an ILUA over the PDR, an important arterial tourist and defence road.
Senator Roberts is no stranger to the Cape having taken a number of holiday trips to the Top.
He said he was at the meeting to listen to the concerns of local people and would do what he could to have the matters investigated.
“It seems the place is being held back and the road is important for defence and the opening up of the region,” Senator Roberts said.
“There is no accountability and now it seems lots of waste in general and an abuse of power where ordinary people are missing out every day.
“We are losing our sovereignty in government under regulations coming from the United Nations.”
Businessman Barry Mulley launched an emotional attack on the Cape York Land Council for demanding the PDR be handed over to their elitist members allegedly in order to take a cut of funding for contractors engaged in the upgrade.
“Once they have control of the road they can do what they like with it even charge a toll for tourists to use it and decide which contractors will get jobs,” Mr Mulley said.
“We believe local indigenous people should get jobs on the road but the land council should not be in control of it. There are too many jobs for the boys on big pay that has pushed up the cost of building it.
“There is no accountability from the government or land council in how they spend large amounts taxpayers money.
“I am sick of paying large amounts of tax only to have it wasted by the government on mismanagement of the road works.”
Mr Mulley said Peninsula ratepayers and residents had no political representation which is why Senator Roberts was invited to take their concerns to Parliament.
“Nobody cares about the Peninsula. The government just throws lots of money into it without any accountability,” he added.
The notorious ‘Land Claim Number 1’ according to Cape York Alliance member Jack Wilkie-Jans gave the CYLC the ability to claim ownership of the PDR.
“How do just nine claimants speak for the hundreds of clan groups across the Cape?” he asked.
“Is it any wonder there is such widespread derision among the indigenous and white people of the Cape.”
Australian controlled media remain silent as international concern to government inflicted brutality at Standing Rock Dakota being meted upon the largest gathering of protesting American Indian Nations in recent history.
People power is the virus that destroys government indulging in people control and corruption.
Today Japan has offered solidarity with the Indian Nations adding further international support as some 2000 supporting US military veterans move into Standing Rock.
Originally the oil pipeline direction was through the town Bismark North Dakota with a white population of some 57,000 objected due to possible pollution from the pipeline. Redirected through disputed Sioux land per the treaty of Fort Laramie in 1851, the pipeline must now be tunneled UNDER the Missouri River, [not required over the original route] escalating the Bismark concern of an environmental disaster now includes water supply.
Following this protest unfold for some time observing North Dakota governor Jack Dalrymple engineer this fiasco, may well see him follow General Custer into a career threatening Indian ambush.
Mal Davies – Singapore.
The reasons for protests at Standing Rock are complicated, morally-nuanced and steeped in history.
By Cresta Lee – SOS-NEWS
In 2014, Texas-based Energy Transfer Partners (ETP) proposed a 1,134-mile underground pipeline that would take newly- tapped oil from the Bakken oil fields in North Dakota to a terminal in Illinois where it could be shipped to refineries and processed as usable fuel. Routing the oil underground rather than by train is far more cost efficient and arguably more environmentally friendly than other forms of transportation, according to the oil companies.
The problem is the pipeline crosses close to the sovereign land of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe and underneath a stretch of the Missouri River near the tribe’s water supply. The tribe claims construction of the pipeline will destroy their sacred grounds and put the safety of their water supply at risk. They say they were not consulted in the investigation phase of the pipeline’s approval and that their complaints were dismissed by the Army Corps of Engineers responsible for approving projects like the pipeline.
Understanding the tribe’s side to the story necessitates understanding their status as a sovereign nation. In response to the horrendous treatment of Native American tribes in the United States’ history the government has recognized the sovereignty of these tribes and their land in specifically designated areas. Key in this is not that the government has “given” them sovereignty but rather acknowledged these groups of people as being a separately existing nation within the United States. To that end, tribes like the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe theoretically have the same status as a foreign country, and therein lies the problem.
Making things even more complicated, the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe claim the land in question did originally belong to them via a treaty made in 1851 that has since been routinely violated by the federal government. The Sioux claim they have never ceded the land in question but have had it taken from them against their will.
Private security groups and law enforcement have been responsible for increasingly violent clashes with water protectors camped out on the land.
The Standing Rock Sioux are a sovereign nation of historically abused people who are protesting the annexation and profiteering of their own land, and in return are experiencing particularly brutal forms of police suppression. On September 3 a protest over a construction site that was believed to be inactive led to a clash between security personnel and water protectors.
On October 27, mace, rubber bullets and water cannons were used against 200 protesters. In November water cannons were again used against water protectors in freezing weather, leading to 26 people being hospitalized for broken bones and hypothermia and 141 people being arrested. Police claim they were using the water cannons to put out fires, while the water protectors claim the fires were started after the cannons to keep people warm.
The fallout from the actions of security personnel and law enforcement in November has served to bolster the resolve of water protectors and led to veterans of the US Armed Forces organising as a group to travel to Standing Rock to defend the safety of those peacefully assembled against future brutality.
This video below presents interview and footage from events at Standing Rock from November 20th – 21st 2016. The medic in this interview speaks to the violence that occurred last night as the riot police and the national guard used a spray cannon to drench the “Water Protector Defenders” for 9 hours in freezing temperatures. Tear gas canisters were launched at us one after another. Rubber bullets were fired at us, as well as sand bags. The Protectors stood strong, stayed calm and maintained good spirits, holding the bridge until at least 1:30 am.